At every stage, you need to provide the best environment for the plant to thrive and that can be challenging at times. Generally, plants i.e. its complete lifecycle can expand over a year. However, most varieties of plants can grow indoors within 3 to 5 months.
Stage 1: Germination
The first stage of any plant begins with a seed. The seed needs to be germinated and there are several ways to do that. Even at this early stage, quality is crucial. The indication of a quality plant seed is that it should be dry, hard, and brownish in color.
In germination, the germ inside the seed breaks out in the form of a root. This germinated seed can then be introduced to a growing medium (e.g. hydroponics). Most home growers use the good old paper towel method to germinate the seed.
The germination stage can take anywhere from 24 hours to 7 days depending on its variety. When the first two leaves form, the plant loses the seed husk and this is where the next stage begins.
Stage 2: Seedling
This stage perhaps requires the most care. The plant at this stage is susceptible to disease. You have to be very careful about how much water or fertilizer you give to the seedling. Too much water or fertilizer may hamper growth.
The most important need of the plant at this delicate stage is light. It needs as much light as possible. You can provide the light indoors with the best LED grow lights and we would prefer Viparspectra grow LED, which provides full-spectrum and are budget friendly to buy. Ample light and water will allow the plant to develop stronger roots. As a result, you will start to see the characteristic plant leaves.
The shape of the leaf and the number of leaflets may vary depending on the kind of plant you are growing. At this stage, the leaves usually have just one leaflet. Once the number of leaflets per leaf becomes 5-7, the seedling stage is over. This entire stage can take 2 to 4 weeks.
Stage 3: Vegetation
During the vegetation stage, the growth accelerates. Your plant can grow as much as 5 inches in just one day. You need to supply the right nutrients to the plants at this time for them to start growing buds. The supply of nitrogen is crucial at this point as it helps provide chlorophyll and protein.
The water intake of the plants also increases at this stage. Again, the light remains a vital component for growth. You need to have the best lights for all cycles of flora growth. Most grow lights have a vegetation model that is optimized for this stage of the plant.
The duration of the vegetation stage varies greatly from one variety of plants to another. However, if everything is done right and the plant is growing in a healthy way it should gradually move to the next stage of growth within 2-3 weeks.
Stage 4: Flowering
This stage is perhaps the longest of the plant growth lifecycle (4 to 12 weeks). It can be divided into two sub-phases: the pre-flowering stage and the flowering stage. The pre-flowering stage begins when the days become shorter and the plant receives less light. Of course, you can control that indoors.
This is also the time when you will know the sex of your plant. Female plants produce flowers or buds while the male cones produce pollen. Once you can identify the sex of the plants, it is time to isolate the females to avoid the production of seeds.
During the pre-flowering stage, the plants need a lot of water. Some growers even use special fertilizers to enhance the formation of buds. Potassium and phosphorus-based nutrients are great for this stage and may speed up the process. Finally, in the flowering stage, you will see grown buds with milky pistils and a pungent smell.